[GHHF] Bala Samskar Kendras in Tirupati area – Students learned about Sri Krishnadeva Raya, his life and achievements

17 Feb 2023 302 Views

Brannon Parker
Today as the world is overwhelmed by constant crisis many are recognizing the inherent wisdom of the ancient indigenous cultures. Hinduism, as a religion that was practiced before the age of Pyramids or the construction of Stonehenge, is an authentically indigenous tradition. It is one of the few remaining root cultures in the world. These root cultures represent an ethos that does not put a price tag on anything which lives inside each of us. (Source: Orissa in the Cross fire: Khandhamal burning - By p. 7 and p. 284 -287).
Sri Krishnadevaraya was the son of Tuluva Narasa Nayaka, the founder of the Tuluva Dynasty. Krishnadevaraya’s rule is remembered as a glorious chapter in the history of Vijayanagar Empire. His rule was characterized by expansion and consolidation. 
He was an excellent general. He is credited with building some of the finest temples in South India.  Krishnadevaraya was the third ruler of the Tuluva Dynasty. His rule is marked by military success in the history of Vijayanagar. He won many battles. He subdued local rulers, fought and won many wars.
The reign of Sri Krishnadevaraya  (r. 1509-1529 C.E.) stands out as the high point in the history of the Vijayanagar Empire. Emperor Krishnadevaraya also earned the titles Kannada Rajya Rama Ramana, Moorurayaraganda (meaning "King of three kings"), and Andhra Bhoja. He consolidated and expanded the empire through astute use of his massive military, successfully campaigning against the kingdoms to his north.
Krishnadevaraya proved a talented general and diplomat as well as architect and city planner. He embraced Hinduism, constructing the magnificent city of Vijayanagaram as a holy site for the worship of the Hindu gods as well as the administrative center of his vast empire. His kingdom possessed fabulous wealth, much of that going into an ambitious building program.
When Krishnadevaraya was crowned as emperor, the Vijayanagara Empire was not the dominant force in the region and had to defend itself from the attacks of hostile neighbors. Thus, Krishnadevaraya’s early reign was marked by numerous military campaigns. The emperor first set his sights on the Deccan sultans, who had been conducting raids against the Vijayanagara Empire on an annual basis. Krishnadevaraya succeeded in defeating the sultan of Bijapur at Diwani in 1509, after which he invaded Bidar, Gulbarga, and Bijapur.
King Sri Krishnadeva Raya, who ruled Vijayanagar that included the city of Mysore, led a life of justice and courtesy, gave abounding alms, enjoyed and supported literature and the arts, forgave fallen enemies and spared their cities, and devoted himself sedulously to the chores of administration.  In 1443, Abdu-r Razzak,who saw Vijayanagar reported it as "such that eye has not seen, no rear heard, of any place resembling it upon the whole earth. "A Portuguese missionary, Domingos Paes (1522), describes him “as the most feared and perfect king that could possibly be; cheerful of disposition, and very merry; he is one that seeks to honor foreigners, and receives them kindly… He is a great ruler, and a man of much justice, but subject to sudden fits of rage . . .. He is by rank a greater Lord than any … but it seems that he has in fact nothing compared to what a man like him ought to have, so gallant and perfect is he in all things."
Telugu literature 
Krishnadevarayalu’s ("Desa bhashalandu Telugu Lessa") reign marked the golden age of Telugu literature. Eight poets known as Astadiggajalu (eight elephants in the eight cardinal points) formed part of his court (known as Bhuvanavijayamu). According to the Vaishnavite religion, eight elephants stand in the eight corners of space, holding the earth in its place. Similarly, those eight poets constitute the eight pillars of his literary assembly. 
POETS: The membership of the Ashtadiggajas remains uncertain, although they may include the following: Allasani Peddana, Nandi Thimmana, Madayyagari Mallana, Dhurjati, Ayyalaraju Ramabhadrudu, Pingali Surana, Ramarajabhushanudu, and Tenali Ramakrishnudu.
Among those eight poets Allasani Peddana stood as the greatest, given the title of Andhra Kavita Pitamaha (the father of Telugu poetry). Manucharitramu stands as his most popular prabhanda work. Nandi Timmana wrote Parijataapaharanamu. Madayyagari Mallana wrote Rajasekhara Charitramu. Dhurjati wrote Kalahasti Mahatyamu and Ayyalraju Ramabhadrudu wrote Ramaabhyudayamu. Pingali Surana wrote the still remarkable Raghavapandaveeyamu, a dual work with double meaning built into the text, describing both the Ramayana and the Mahabharata. Battumurty alias Ramarajabhushanudu wrote Kavyalankarasangrahamu, Vasucharitramu, and Harischandranalopakhyanamu.
Among those works the last one embodies a dual work which tells simultaneously the story of King Harishchandra and Nala and Damayanti. Tenali Ramakrishna first wrote Udbhataradhya Charitramu, a Shaivite work and later wrote Vaishnava devotional texts Panduranga Mahatmyamu, and Ghatikachala Mahatmyamu. The period of the empire has become known as “Prabandha Period,” because of the quality of the prabandha literature produced during that time. Tenali Rama remains one of the most popular folk figures in India today, a quick-witted courtier ready even to outwit the all-powerful emperor.
Sri Krishnadevaraya wrote the Amuktamalyada in Telugu, in which he beautifully describes the pangs of separation suffered by Andal (one of the twelve bhakti era alwars) for her lover Lord Vishnu. He describes Andal’s physical beauty in thirty verses; using descriptions of the spring and the monsoon as metaphors. As elsewhere in Indian poetry (for example, Sringara) the sensual pleasure of union extends beyond the physical level and becomes a path to, and a metaphor for, spirituality and ultimate union with the divine. 
Narayana Rao and [David] Shulman observed, “This remarkable book is couched in a unique style...an enormous erudition in many branches of traditional science and learning is brought to bear upon scenes of ordinary life. Both an extraordinary realism and a sweeping imagination come into play...this highly crafted style was beyond imitation; no later Telugu poets attempted anything like it.”
We appreciate it if you can help in hiring more people who can go to these villages to do Ghar Waapasi. We have employed 26 people so far. More people we hire, more villages can be covered to welcome them back and also create Chaitanya (Awareness) among the students and villagers. Also,  we are conducting 150 Bala Kendras in five States. Support one or more Kendras. 
1) Sponsor one Bala Samskar Kendra for $1000.00
2) Sponsor one Pracharak: In order to expand our base and hire one Pracharak, it would cost approximately $3000.00 - $3500.00 per year. We have five anonymous donors who sponsored 9 Pracharaks
PayPal Method: To donate visit our website: savetemples.org. Click on the Donate button, then press the Purpose category, and select the General Donation category.
By Check: Or you can send a check payable to: GHHF, . It is tax-deductible.
By Zelle: ghhfusaorg@gmail.com
By Rupees, please contact us by either phone or email.
For more information, call Prakasarao V Velagapudi ; Email: ghhfusaorg@gmail.com.


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